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fort phil kearny massacre

Posted Saturday, January 16th, 2021

All the dead cavalry horses' heads were turned toward the fort, by the way. There he came across evidences of a great battle. His position as quartermaster had kept him on the watch for Indians all the time, and he announced on the day before the battle that he "must have one chance at the Indians before he left." She stands peculiar among American women to-day in that partic­ular. TO summarize the first six months of fighting, from the first of August to the close of the year, the Indians killed one hundred and fifty-four persons, including soldiers and citizens, wounded twenty more, and captured nearly seven hundred animals—cattle, mules, and horses. It is a necessary addition to other material on Fort Phil Kearny, the Fetterman Massacre, and the Bozeman Trail. Carrington personally inspected the men before they left, and rejected those who were not amply provided. The commissioners, however, had dealt with only unimportant leaders of the bands along the Missouri River — not the people who really mattered. Civil War Change of Base McClellan Gaines's Mill S... General George Armstrong Custer Little Big Horn Ca... Fort Phil Kearny Fetterman Massacre General Henry ... Jesse & Frank James Great Northfield Minnesota Ban... Digital History Project . It is a great sweep of land which com­prises every variety of climate and soil. The cavalry that had abandoned him had not followed me, though the distance was short; but the Indians, circling round and yelling, nearly one hundred in number, with one saddle emptied by a single shot fired by myself, did not venture to close in.". In fact, General Sherman, who visited Fort Kearney before the troops began to march, personally advised the ladies to accompany the expedition as very attractive in its ob­ject and wholly peaceful. The country teemed with game. Perhaps it ill becomes us to censure the dead, but the whole unfortunate affair arose from a direct disobe­dience of orders on the part of Fetterman and his men. General Sherman expressly stated that "Colonel Carrington's report, to his personal knowledge, was fully sustained," but by some unaccountable over­sight or intent, the report was suppressed and never published, thereby doing lasting injustice to a brave and faithful soldier. Carrington, saddled with 21 women and children dependents who had accompanied him from Fort Kearny, Nebraska, maintained a defensive stance. If the Government erects a monument that can be destroyed by these people, it should be cared for by the United States. Brown rode to the death of both a little Indian "calico" pony which he had given to the general's boys when they started from Fort Leavenworth, in November, 1865, and the body of the horse was found in the low ground at the west slope of the ridge, showing that the fight began there, before they could reach high ground. Carrington at once released all prisoners from the guard-house, armed the quarter­master's employees, the citizens, and mustered alto­gether a force of only one hundred and nineteen men to defend the post. The mercury was in the bulb. A Civilian Conservation Corp Cabin has been refurbished to depict the quarters of an Officer’s wife and a Non-Commissioned Officer’s Quarters. Colonel Henry Carrington runs a severe command but finds his authority challenged by … That summer and fall Carrington strengthened and garrisoned Fort Reno and erected Forts Phil Kearny and Fort C.F. The site is marked by one side of a stockade, all that survives from a Works Progress Administration (WPA) reconstruction in the 1930s, and a log cabin erected by the Boy Scouts. Fort Phil Kearny was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1962. Originally titled, "Fort Phil Kearny: An American Saga," the book does indeed center on Colonel Henry B. Carrington who built the fort from which Captain William J. Fetterman rode to his doom. The fort, known to the Indians as the "hated post on the Little Piney", played an important role in Red Cloud's War. Southwest of Sullivant Hills was a high ridge called Lodge Trail Ridge, the main branch of the Piney Creek flowing between them, so that the water supply was at the eastern or "Water Gate" of the fort. The fort site and those of the Fetterman Massacre and Wagon Box Fight lie within a few miles of one another just off I-90 in the vicinity of Story, Wyoming. Your email address will not be published. The longest walls were about 1,500 feet long. Ten Eyck very prop­erly stood upon the defensive on the hill and refused to go down into the valley in spite of the insults and shouts of the Indians, who numbered upward of two thousand warriors, until they finally withdrew. Another monument, lying in an upland prairie some 1½  miles southwest of Story, marks the location of the Wagon Box Fight, one acre of which is State-owned out of an estimated 40-acre total. The fort tour leads the visitor through the site to building locations, archaeological remains, and interpretive signs pinpointing the surrounding historic landmarks. It seems incredible to think that women should ac­company such an expedition, but no grave anticipations of trouble with the Indians were felt by any persons in authority at that time. Impressed by Powell's report, Carrington himself ac­companied the augmented train on the 20th, built a bridge across to Piney Island to facilitate quick haul­ing, and returned to the fort to make ready for one more trip only. Red Cloud, an Oglala Sioux, the foremost of the young warriors, led the objectors to the treaty, even to the point of fighting, and opposed the more conserv­ative chiefs who deprecated war as eventually fatal to all their territorial claims. Fort Phil Kearney, Fetterman Massacre and The Wagon Box Fight. On the end of the ridge, nearest the fort, in a space about six feet square, enclosed by some huge rocks, making a sort of a rough shelter, he found the bodies of the forty-nine men whom he had brought back. Dee Brown’s The Fetterman Massacre: Fort Phil Kearny and the … No one in the command seems to have had the least idea that any force of Indians, however great, could overcome it. People had got used to such things then; this news came like a bolt from the blue. Now, trails lead visitors to the sites of the conflicts, and interpretive signs explain the events from the perspectives of both the military and Indian groups. History records no greater instances of romantic devo­tion than those exhibited by the army wife. 528 Wagon Box Road A messenger was sent to the fort for an ambulance, and the command retired in good order without further sight of the Indians. . So, I was glad I happened onto this one. Railroads began to push iron feelers across the territory. The Moun­tain District at that time had but one post in it, Fort Reno, one hundred and sixty miles from Fort Laramie. There were evidences of a desperate struggle about his body. "—Roundup Magazine The valleys of these were luxuriant in their natural products and their promise. There they were menaced by the Indians for the first time and every endeavor was made to stampede their herds. Grummond had a wife in delicate health at the post, and he was cautioned by the officers to take care not to be led into a trap, although his experience on the 6th, when he had so narrowly escaped death, was, it would seem, the best warning he could have had. The area around the fort was the site of the Fetterman massacre and the Wagon Box Fight. I am concerned in this article only with the Bozeman or Montana trail. Between August 1st and December 31st, they killed 154 people in the vicinity of Fort Phil Kearny, wounded 20 more, regularly attacked emigrants, and destroyed or captured more than 750 head of livestock. Some of the officers, therefore, covertly sneer­ing at the caution of the commander, were burning for an opportunity to distinguish themselves on this account, and had practically determined to make or take one at the first chance. I order the wood train in, which will give fifty men to spare.". The Indians were driven off, and, although he was tempted to pursue them, he was too good a soldier to disobey orders, so he led his men back in safety to the fort. The general went so far as to hasten to the gate after the cavalry had left the fort, and from the sentry platform or banquette over­looking it, called out after them again, emphatically directing them "on no account to pursue the Indians across Lodge Trail Ridge.". The firing has stopped. Capt. In several instances presents given in the treaty at Fort Laramie were found on the persons of visiting Indians, and one captured Indian pony was heavily loaded with original packages of those presents. This meticulously documented and exciting book should stand as the definitive account. The third pro­jected post was not established. Although warned not to cross Lodge Trail Ridge, where he would be out of sight of the fort, Fetterman let a small party of warriors decoy him northward well beyond the ridge and into a carefully rehearsed ambush prepared by Red Cloud. Lieutenant Grummond's wife was in the fort during the fighting on the sixth of December, and her joy at her husband's safe return can be imagined. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The next day the other group, 1,500 to 2,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Red Cloud, set upon a detachment of 28 infantrymen guarding civilian woodcutters a few miles west of Fort Phil Kearny. In front of them they found no less than sixty great gouts of blood on the ground and grass, and a number of dead ponies, showing where the bullets of the de­fenders had reached their marks, and in every direc­tion were signs of the fiercest kind of hand-to-hand fighting. The following order was left with the officer of the day: "Fire the usual sunset gun, running a white lamp to masthead. One of my men fell and his horse on him. When Red Cloud and the other chiefs learned that their mission was the construction of forts along the Bozeman Trail, they stalked out of the conference and declared war on all invaders of their country. General Carrington marked out the walls of the fort, after a survey of the surrounding country as far as Tongue River, set up his sawmills, one of them of forty horse-power, capable of cutting logs thirty inches in diameter, established a logging camp on Piney Island, seven miles distant, with no intervening hills to surmount, which made transportation easy, and began the erection of the fort. Her fate when captured was terrible beyond description — one long agony of horror and shame until death put an end to it. He sees no sign of Captain Fetterman's command. 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